Many residential properties rely on septic systems to process waste. In the absence of a municipal sewer system, any refuse flushed down the drains in your home will make their way into a septic tank for treatment, and liquid waste will be funneled into a drainfield where it will be absorbed into the soil.
A drainfield failure can result in catastrophic plumbing problems that will put the health of your family and the safety of your home at risk. When you know what can cause a drainfield to fail, you can be proactive in taking steps to address drainfield failures before they become serious problems in the future.
1. Soil Compaction
One of the more common causes of drainfield failure is compaction of the soil within the drainfield itself. It's important that the soil remain loose and porous to allow liquids to be absorbed into the drainfield properly.
Driving heavy machinery across the top of a drainfield or housing livestock near the drainfield could lead to soil compaction. Be sure that you know where your drainfield is located so that you can avoid causing any inadvertent soil compaction in the future.
2. Pipe Damage
Liquid waste that needs to be absorbed into the drainfield is funneled from the septic tank to the drainfield via a system of pipes. These pipes can easily become damaged by the roots of trees or shrubs that penetrate the pipe walls in search of nutrients and moisture.
Damaged pipes will cause liquid waste to leak out before it reaches the drainfield and can be processed properly, leaving you with a pool of foul-smelling refuse near your septic tank. Avoid planting foliage near your septic tank or drainfield to prevent root damage from compromising the quality of your drainfield over time.
Drainfields are not meant to last forever. Microbes in the soil surrounding the drainfield can become so plentiful over time that they cause the drainfield to become clogged. The soil within the drainfield will be so saturated with microbes that there will be no room for the absorption of liquid waste.
If your drainfield is clogged as a result of age, you will need to invest in the construction of a new drainfield to service your septic system. As you cease using the original drainfield, the microbes plugging it up will lose their source of nutrition.
By the time the new drainfield gets old and becomes clogged, you can return to the original drainfield to cut down on costs.
For more help, check out a website like http://www.sosseptic.net.
After dealing with a debilitating sewage flood a few years back, I decided to turn my attention to the proper care and maintenance of our septic tank. We had never spent much time trying to keep things in good shape, but we didn't want to deal with another sewage problem. To make things right, we met with the septic tank professionals and talked about how to keep our system in good shape. We worked hard to check for problems, and we called in the professionals at the first sign of trouble. Ever since then, we haven't had any issues. This blog is all about keeping your plumbing on point.